Tanzania is a country in East Africa within the Africa Great Lake region with a total area of 947,303 km2. The economy of Tanzania is mainly depending on agriculture, which employs around 80% of the total population. The population is approximately 57 Million as per the population census of 2017. The agricultural sector contributes to 33% of the country’s GDP and 85% of the export in the country comes from this sector. Almost 70% of the GNP is as a result of agricultural activities. In so doing almost 72% of the people living in the rural area are 100% dependent on agriculture to feed their families and rise capital income for their daily life expenditure.
The main challenges facing the agricultural sector in Tanzania is poor technology, which results in most farmers concentrating on subsistence agriculture and not agri-business. Price fluctuation, market instability and lack of enough subsidies from the government to support farmers, as well as poor knowledge’s of crop protection, also contributes to the failure of agricultural sector in Tanzania.
Apart from the weaknesses, I have discovered vibrant business opportunities in the sector and have personally determined agricultural sector as my new engagement. I am a graduate from Kampala International University; Western Campus, Uganda pursued Bachelor Degree in Medical Laboratory Science. I am currently living at Morogoro Region, almost 190 km from the main city of Dar es salaam. Since being exposed to the potential opportunities in agriculture I am devoting 100% of my time on horticulture.
I currently own one greenhouse with the expectation of building other 3 greenhouses before September 2019. I am currently dealing with tomato production. My project is 40% supported by Danish Embassy under Private Agricultural Sector Support (PASS TRUST). I have chosen Anna F1 as my seed. In my greenhouse I have around 417 seedlings and expect to harvest 12,510 kilogram of tomatoes at harvesting time.
As a means of increasing the yield on my project Crop Protection is my key weapons to succeed. By managing crop diseases, weeds and other pests that damage my tomatoes I have prepared an effective schedule which guides me from farm (Field) preparation to harvest.
The crop protection methods I used include weeding, the use of manures (both organic and inorganic), the use of pesticides, the use of buster to support the crops growth as well as the use of insecticides. That process contributes a lot to high yields where in one harvesting period with single green house of (8*20) meters size, I can harvest up to 15 tones.
IDEA FOR SUSTAINABLE CROP PROTECTION.
The following are the ideas for sustainable crop protections which I have primarily employed in my tomatoes project:-
- The use of yellow insects trapping card: – This is the ordinary means of protection on my greenhouse on where I place in more than 6 insects trapping card. The Card has a yellow colour and made of glue which attracts insects.
- The use of Raticides: -This is the cides instil on the greenhouse to control rats/ mouse attack to the crops. The venom attracts rat/ mouse and kills after 5 to 10 minutes.
- The use of Insecticide, pesticides and fungicides: the use of pesticides to control both early and late bright, the use of insecticides such as blue copper to manage/ control insect attack as well as the use of fungicides such as ridomill which control fungi attack in the greenhouseis also employed in my project.
- Also the use of Mouse bucket trap around greenhouse, this is the ordinary means of protection in my scheme where in a day I handle to entrap a minimum of 300 rats.
- Crop rotations and mixing farming.
To attend IUPAC 2019 will give me an opportunities of share my ideas and advance my agricultural ability on crop protections and employs that knowledge for the economic sustainability of the community living surround my project.
My key stakeholders on my project are the:- buyers, sellers, small farmers, Government Board, Agricultural Association within Morogoro, NGO’s, CBO’s and the neighbourhood at large.
It is my hope that by attending this special occasion I will automatically bring direct impact to the economic improvement of my country. To me agriculture is employment, agriculture is life. The IUPAC Congress and Next Generation Agri-Summit will provide new knowleged and accomplish my vision of becoming a professional farmer. It will link me to the international network and fulfill my dream to feed the world by producing the commodities that adhere to international standards, as well as increase harmony and bring me closeer to the international market.
From Safia Rostom, Tanzania