Improving Yield of Irish Potatoes in Rwanda

Twenty years ago 94% of Rwanda’s citizen were farmers and used traditional agriculture. At that time the population of Rwanda was below 6 million on 26,338km2. The research done in 2016 by the National Institute of Statistics showed that the population of Rwanda reached 11,917,508 but the growth rate was 2.45% and farmers still had to satisfy the needs of foods in different communities. Because of low skills they weren’t aware of agriculture methods that can conserve nature and sustain soil fertility. This was a result of ignorance as the farmers who were using synthetic fertiliser and pesticides this cause soil toxicity. The soils become acid. In the past five years the price of Irish potatoes in Rwanda have gone from 40 rwf (Rwandan Francs) to 150-350rwf. What might it be in 2050 if scientists continue to take this approach?

My research shows how we can use other methods to restore this degraded soil by using lime (Cao) mixed with other organic fertilisers like chicken wastage, decomposed human faeces, that are rich in nitrogen and potassium. This would neutralise acidic soil in order to let this soil again produce good yields.

The process I will use is to create a conservation company that will produce organic fertiliser made from lime, human faeces and animal waste. Lime is available in many area of Rwanda especially in the northern region in Musanze district. Human faeces is very cheap and available in decomposed latrines. Animal waste is available from different farms especial poultry farms.

The second service this company will offer is to train farmers on organic fertiliser production; this company will give employment to many people. As an example, I took two area of 10 m2 using the same seed of Irish potatoes. In one area I used chemical fertilisers during planting and in the other area used small chemical fertiliser and mix it with organic fertiliser. The yield was totally different. The one with chemical fertiliser produced 28kg and the other mixed with the fertiliser produced 75kg. I did this more than once and concluded that this fertiliser will help the farmers to restore their degraded soil.

In brief this company will be valuable for the income generation to many farmers in Rwanda and east Africa because it will expand beneficially from the input to output.

For as long as I could remember, I wanted to be an impact of change in agriculture because I was born in a rural area in a family of farmers. This stimulated me to continue my career in agriculture because I practiced it from my childhood. I got the opportunity to study agriculture in university because I believed that to pursue my studies on agriculture will contribute for my future plan of raising the living standards of young people in rural areas. My love for this gave me the chance to attend an FAO international conference and the African Green Revolution Forum as a voice of agribusiness youth of Rwanda. I got this opportunity due to this project I presented and still know many rural farmer who take me as youth role model in agriculture. Unfortunately the capital to implement this is still a big challenge. My dreams will never cease because I believe one day I will get financial support and will contribute to solve the problems of agriculture in Africa. The chance to attend this summit will contribute enormously to my future goals and career because I need to deepen and develop my knowledge.

The beneficiaries for this project are so many. First I will improve my life by creating business and will provide jobs to the unemployed. In start up, I expect to give more than ten people jobs and this will continue to grow. Secondly farmers will get the fertiliser that will help them to raise their yield the. Thirdly I will have made a new product that will give taxes to the Country. Fourthly there will be a contribution to soil conservation. This is because these fertilisers will restore soil by removing acidity. As we know when PH increases acid decreases. And finally I will give training to rural farmers in lime application and how it can contribute to restoring degraded soil.

In this summit, I expect to get skills that provide technical assistance; I will contribute to respond to the specified derivable and goals of agriculture with interacting with expert will be an opportunity that would contribute enormously to my future career plans.

Ndayisaba Faida Justin, Rwanda

361 comments

  1. This campany has a good aims, because it contribute greatly in development of Rwanda especially agriculture sector, but I would like to know what is required to be your member.

    Thank you .
    Nsabimana Vincent, I am student in the university of Rwanda especially in college of agriculture animal science and veterinary medecine , in year 3 agribusiness

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  2. thank you sir i get this opportunity of commenting to your project this is great idea here In Africa we are grade to receive your project in order to restore degradation soil

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  3. we believe in this project that all youth of Rwanda will participate in Agriculture sector because when you see this business is for old farmers

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  4. this is how the technician can contribute to raise the living standard of the country, i hope this will be a typical example of how we can handle the challenges in agriculture such as soil degradation,,erosion control,contour terracing and so on we wish all the innovator to think twice to see how they can participate in the development of the country.

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  5. this is very interesting what we want us the farmers is to give us and to help us to access to the input, such as seed, fertilizers and Technics that can raise yield

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  6. Wonderful project! Uyu mushinga rwose urakaze, iyaba twagiraga abanyarwanda batekereza cyane nkawe iterambere ryakihuta pe. Courage, turagushyigikiye. Umwongereza yaravuze ati” Gerageza utsindwe, ariko ntugatsindwe utaragerageza” Bravo!!!!!

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  7. I, Frederick Maniriho do appreciate your project, it is good and brilliant because if you realize it, this will enhance livestock in Rwanda, and food security because, the Irish potato is among basic food resource here in Rwanda. congs Sir and keep up!!!

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  8. hey Sir, nice to hear this I am a farmers from Congo they are a big part where we use lime to neutralize acid soil and this process are fair, go ahead I believe this war of getting zero hunger will be success if we continue to use our effort. much bless

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  9. very nice bro you was brave from the beginning i remember you on the school even you was young innovator so go ahead we deserve the best from you

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  10. hey Eng. Justin how is the business i see you are still advancing and improving with bringing the innovation i wish you success in all because your success is for all E=Rwanda

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  11. organic fertilisers is the only input that can help us to sustain our soil fertility, it is very difficult to get organic fertilisers that can cover oll cultivated land so we need other technic that can improve organic product to be used in agriculture. go ahead Sir

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  12. great bro go ahead you are interesting, this is what we want in Africa because agriculture technology are very weak. Your resaerch have potential go ahed and you will help the world class

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  13. hey Sir!This is a great innovation to protect crop starting on soil control . An Environmental Health Officer am in support of this because as you have said it is enviromental friendly, so its a good thing. And here inrwanda we depend on farming with the low no cost involved here it is good. Great idea.

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  14. There you go brother! you will always be my role model. This is fantastic idea in agriculture, environmental conservation as well as farmers well-being.

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  15. Good job, justin! Keep it up, farmers will surely benefit your research endeavors and I am looking forward for future collaborations with.as you will extend your project we need your support to train young farmers in this career

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  16. I’m quite impressed for your task being conducted in the crop protection,. Hope your hard work will work to rejuvenate soil fertility .because we need to enhance.

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  17. Application of this idea will contribute greatly in terms of developing skills, generating employment, contributing to knowledge, as well as, bringing into existence new job creation within youth who finished studies in agriculture sectors. so for me i can congratulate you

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