Some people are becoming concerned about the possible impacts of chemical pesticides. There are some moves to explore more traditional, organic ways of farming and an integrated farming system that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity.
A farmer from Thanetar, Kathmandu, Nepal has been practicing complete organic farming on his 0.4 ha farm with 100 percent organic manure and fertilizer. For the organic manure he uses duns, urine from his cow, which eats complete organic plant residues collected in his own farm and grasses from the nearby forest. He also uses local herbs (Neem, Titepati, harro, barro, tobacco, banmara ), cow raw milk, and urine. These practices make up his protection plan and is used based on severity and the protection required for different plants.
This farmer’s aim is to provide healthy food for himself and his community. He has several animals (turkey, chickens, goats) on his farm and grows seasonal vegetables like cauliflower, tomato, creepers and climbers, etc.
I want to provide training to other farmers to use organic manures and fertilizers (for different crops and vegetables), raise their awareness and share knowledge sharing so they have practical solutions for sustainable crop protection.
It is hoped that the farmers will invest less for fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides and maintain the health of their soils. They could also benefit as the price for organic plants is higher and paid happily by the consumers as they can be benefit from healthy foods..
How can we provide an organic fertilizers and protection in high quantity and low price?
There are lots of infertile cows and ox on the streets in Nepal as the Nepalese don’t eat beef for religious reasons. In busy cities disposal of crop residues in the markets is not managed. We can use that plant material and maintain a hygienic environment in markets to feed to those cows and ox. They just have to eat and provide us with urine and dung. We can use this for manure and, if they are free from pesticides residues, can use the manure for producing vermin-compost. We can use the urine for protection measures. This money can be utilized to maintain related issues in future.
This idea will positively impact Nepalese society as it cleans and manages the residue in agricultural and helps in management of the animals on the streets. Various events will be held to increase knowledge and skills on organic farming to farmers so they better understand sustainable crop protection and how to maintain a healthy environment. This idea provides employment for certain people and ultimately helps in eradicating poverty. If the results are successful we can practice it in other cities.
I am passionate about this because I have personally experienced problems in the markets and streets, and the effects of consuming unhealthy foods. Furthermore, as an agricultural student, I want to do something about environmental degradation.
Kishor Adhikari, Nepal