Rabbit Urine: A potential biopesticide

Pesticide use has certainly contributed towards improving agricultural production, in terms of both yield and quantity, thus increasing agricultural income, particularly in developing countries like Uganda. However, careless use of these pesticides without adhering to the safety norms and recommended practices has posed serious some health risks to humans, land and aquatic organisms, and the environment from on-farm workers’ exposure and the release of these chemicals into the air. Pesticide residues also have raised food safety concerns among domestic consumers and continue to pose trade impediments for export crops. This has caused a risk to the well being of rural families, the economy of traders and governments, and to food security worldwide.

In recent years however, there has been an increased demand for the creation of biopesticides which are effective and eco-friendly. Some of the advantages associated with the use of some biopesticides may be: (1) inherently less harmful, (2) affect only target pests, (3) effective in small quantities, (4) decompose quickly, (5) greatly reduce the use of conventional pesticides when used as a component of Integrated Pest Management Programs (IPM), (6) mass production for low cost and (7) less prone to resistance among others.

My idea: Knowing very well that crop protection has been developed for the prevention and control of both pre-harvest and post-harvest losses due to crop pests, I thought of a simple, sustainable and possibly more effective idea of managing crop pests. This is about the use of rabbit urine as a biopesticide. In Uganda and Kenya, farmers are using rabbit urine to control pests. However, its properties as a pest control agent have not been exploited in plant protection. Some farmers mix rabbit urine with molasses, effective micro organisms and ash . To them, these combinations have proved effective and cheaper than synthetic pesticides. Furthermore, research on the isolation of allelochemicals and it’s mode of action whether mixed or not, and further field trials on bio-efficacy against economically important pests attacking agricultural crops are needed. This should be followed with the formulation of an effective rabbit urine biopesticide.

Target groups: My idea is aiming at benefiting all farmers but most importantly those that have and will embrace organic farming. Being a youth leader, I intend to work with the youth especially in making sure that they take a center stage in developing this product and at the same time engage in agricultural production.  

The steps that need to be followed in formulating the rabbit urine biopesticide include the following;

  1. Setting up a team that will include a botanist, an entomologist, a formulation chemist and an agricultural engineer.
  2. Data collection on how farmers are using rabbit urine in controlling crop pests.
  3. Formulation of the rabbit urine biopesticide.
  4. Laboratory tests and field trials on economically important pests.
  5. Setting up a demonstration center to train farmers with the formulation and the use of the developed biopesticide if the product proves its applicability.

Major stakeholders: These will include farmer associations, youth groups, government institutions, private sectors, universities and research institutions.

Project outcomes: These will include the following;

  1. Decreased reliance on conventional pesticides.
  2. Formulation of an ecofriendly biopesticide.
  3. Putting in place quality parameters on the use of the formulated product.

Positive social impacts

  1. The youth will take a center stage in the implementation and together with the farmers acquire skills to engage in production and the trade of the biopesticide.
  2. In the long run, improved well being of farmers, traders and government economies.

Orishaba Paul, Uganda

143 comments

  1. you are a brilliant young brain. For long the farmers have been exposed to chemical pesticides, the consumers of food have been exposed to pesticide residues and exporters have suffered from the same as their products are rejected on the international market. Paul this is a nice and brilliant proposal. You should be given chance to implement it.

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  2. Wow Paul the idea of biopesticides is surely awesome especially to counter the adverse effects that are being seen and experienced by the non-bio ones on agricultural produce and soils in agriculture dependent nations like Uganda. Looking forward to this idea being adopted internationally as the number 1 option for pesticides. God bless your Project.. #RemnantRevolution

    Liked by 1 person

  3. This is a great idea. Not only does it give a better deal with high effective results, it boosts the raring of rabbits for consumption and export business! Talk of hitting 3 birds with one stone! If this method is adopted by every farmer in Uganda, we shall see protection of soils that are currently being destroyed by chemical pesticides, high yields of agricultural produce in every household and for commercial purposes since it is cheaper and can be home or locally made; and availability of veal meat which is a better deal for consumption and export!

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  4. I believe this is the eureka moment for not just farmers but also the whole productivity chain. It’s also able to enable many aspiring farmers go in with boldness. Call it genius! I can’t wait to see this.

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  5. Impressive Research Paul, make sure to include Green house farmers in your trial group. This looks very viable. Let me know if you need a contact for that. And all the best. Excellence!

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  6. This is very revolutionary. Organic pesticides are one of the things that farmers long to have. I can’t wait to see how far and helpful this project will be.

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  7. Great idea. Most farmers are illiterate meaning they might not be able to follow the instructions on how to synthetic pesticides very well. Secondly,we have heard of expired pesticides or those that don’t conform to the standards sold openly on the market,they in turn harm the crops and the users. Bio pesticides are the way to go. Kudos my brother.

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  8. This is a powerful article…very insightful…well researched and a true futuristic aspect…
    Africa is greatly waking up and reenergising the agricultural sector….it’s powerful as we find solutions to our own problems…thank you

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  9. Excellent idea here. Whenever I find any agricultural project, I want to see if it can benefit the very poor farmers in our villages. You cannot deny the power of this project in changing the lives of farmers and tackling food security both here in Uganda and if internationally adopted, globally. One thing I know is that even the poorest of farmers will be able to keep at least a few rabbits, collect their urine and be able to apply to their crops.

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  10. A sister of mine reacted to chemical pesticides after applying to her cabbages and her skin has never been the same again. Any idea that seeks to replace these harmful pesticides to me, is the best I can recommend. I don’t know you personally but I think this is a great move Paul. Thank you sir for the initiative.

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  11. I wish you the best in your research and i hope you can collect some good data! I know your are highly motivated and i m sure you will make the very best possible!

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  12. Excellent idea, Great minds, great courage, great initiative. Paul has never dissapointed ever since he was at Makerere University. So brilliant and passionate especially concerning climate change and organic farming.

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  13. Thank you Paul so much.I personally don’t take this idea from you for granted. I cherish it.God bless you so much my brother. You have encouraged and represented us well both the youth and farmers as well.I buy the idea.I stand behind you. I salute you Sir.

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  14. Very insightful! As one who is pursuing a Bachelors in Agricultural Engineering myself, this eco-friendly solution that addresses the need for plant protection is impressive.
    Eager to see it adopted.

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