Rabbit Urine: A potential biopesticide

Pesticide use has certainly contributed towards improving agricultural production, in terms of both yield and quantity, thus increasing agricultural income, particularly in developing countries like Uganda. However, careless use of these pesticides without adhering to the safety norms and recommended practices has posed serious some health risks to humans, land and aquatic organisms, and the environment from on-farm workers’ exposure and the release of these chemicals into the air. Pesticide residues also have raised food safety concerns among domestic consumers and continue to pose trade impediments for export crops. This has caused a risk to the well being of rural families, the economy of traders and governments, and to food security worldwide.

In recent years however, there has been an increased demand for the creation of biopesticides which are effective and eco-friendly. Some of the advantages associated with the use of some biopesticides may be: (1) inherently less harmful, (2) affect only target pests, (3) effective in small quantities, (4) decompose quickly, (5) greatly reduce the use of conventional pesticides when used as a component of Integrated Pest Management Programs (IPM), (6) mass production for low cost and (7) less prone to resistance among others.

My idea: Knowing very well that crop protection has been developed for the prevention and control of both pre-harvest and post-harvest losses due to crop pests, I thought of a simple, sustainable and possibly more effective idea of managing crop pests. This is about the use of rabbit urine as a biopesticide. In Uganda and Kenya, farmers are using rabbit urine to control pests. However, its properties as a pest control agent have not been exploited in plant protection. Some farmers mix rabbit urine with molasses, effective micro organisms and ash . To them, these combinations have proved effective and cheaper than synthetic pesticides. Furthermore, research on the isolation of allelochemicals and it’s mode of action whether mixed or not, and further field trials on bio-efficacy against economically important pests attacking agricultural crops are needed. This should be followed with the formulation of an effective rabbit urine biopesticide.

Target groups: My idea is aiming at benefiting all farmers but most importantly those that have and will embrace organic farming. Being a youth leader, I intend to work with the youth especially in making sure that they take a center stage in developing this product and at the same time engage in agricultural production.  

The steps that need to be followed in formulating the rabbit urine biopesticide include the following;

  1. Setting up a team that will include a botanist, an entomologist, a formulation chemist and an agricultural engineer.
  2. Data collection on how farmers are using rabbit urine in controlling crop pests.
  3. Formulation of the rabbit urine biopesticide.
  4. Laboratory tests and field trials on economically important pests.
  5. Setting up a demonstration center to train farmers with the formulation and the use of the developed biopesticide if the product proves its applicability.

Major stakeholders: These will include farmer associations, youth groups, government institutions, private sectors, universities and research institutions.

Project outcomes: These will include the following;

  1. Decreased reliance on conventional pesticides.
  2. Formulation of an ecofriendly biopesticide.
  3. Putting in place quality parameters on the use of the formulated product.

Positive social impacts

  1. The youth will take a center stage in the implementation and together with the farmers acquire skills to engage in production and the trade of the biopesticide.
  2. In the long run, improved well being of farmers, traders and government economies.

Orishaba Paul, Uganda

226 comments

  1. There has never been a great time as this for such a brilliant idea. We need more sustainable solutions like this.

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  2. This is all we have dreamt to have. An economical and safer way alternative to the deadly chemical pesticides.

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  3. When young scientists like Paul start dreaming big, all that is required of us is to give them support and full support so that they are able to realise their dreams. The IUPAC next generation summit indeed will be a great opportunity for this young and passionate scientist. All we can wait for is implementation.

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  4. Uganda as a nation is the region’s food basket. Despite the fact that it has this great potential, Uganda still suffers losses due to problems related to pests and chemical pesticide use. This idea will definitely present to us a cheaper and probably more effective way of reducing these losses and in the long run reposition Uganda as the region’s food basket.

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  5. In addition to meat, the skin, we can also tap the urine……. Wooow. This is interesting. Keep it up Paul.

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  6. The use of rabbit urine will come with numerous advantages such as low toxicity compared to conventional pesticides. As a result, they are environmentally benign and eco-friendly alternatives to chemical pesticides that can be effectively used for pest control and disease prevention.

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  7. This idea will come with benefits like being inherently less toxic than conventional pesticides. In addition to this, when used as a component of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs, rabbit urine biopestcide will greatly reduce the use of conventional pesticides, while crop yields remain high. There is therefore no better sustainable idea as this. All the best my son.

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  8. When a pesticide is applied to counter a specific pest, this pest is referred to as the target species. Biopesticides products usually fight their intended pests while chemicals end up affecting non target species which include; other insects, birds and mammals.This therefore creates a dire need for us to use biopesticides like rabbit urine which Paul is bringing on board. He needs your full support.

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  9. Biopesticides often are effective in very small quantities and decompose quickly too, resulting in lower exposures and largely avoiding the pollution problems caused by conventional pesticides. I find this a great move.

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  10. Nearly 70 percent of the produce sold in the U.S. comes with pesticide residues,” the EWG said in its 2019 Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce, which analyzes U.S. Department of Agriculture test data. The organisation advised people to consume organic food and this idea contributes to exactly this. We need more healthier ventures like this.

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  11. Among the major benefits of incorporating biopesticides into a sustainable agriculture system is that they are generally more environmentally friendly and do not damage the soil, water supply or the wildlife including the beneficial insects…rabbit urine when studied and formulated, can do more if this . great innovation sir.

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  12. One of the strongest benefits of biopesticides like rabbit urine is that they offer a more sustainable solution than synthetic alternatives, or more specifically that they allow chemical pesticides to be deployed where and when they are most needed and most appropriate so that a precious resource is not squandered. What more do we want? Great innovation here.

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  13. Rabbit urine as a biopesticide can be combined with other solutions. It can complement other forms of biological control. This kind of idea can also most likely allow the use of other forms of control with low efficacy, e.g., where there is partial resistance to existing products. One can also not forget that the use of rabbit urine as a biopestcide can be relatively cheap to develop and need to be redeveloped less frequently, saving expenditure on research and development. We are waiting to see you represent the aspirations of our country in the Next generation summit sir. Thank you for your commitment to organic food, healthier environment and self sustained communities…..we love you Paul and we are so much proud of you.

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  14. Biopesticides do not have residue problems which are a matter of significant concern for consumers and may deter them from purchasing fresh fruit and vegetables. For traders, this rabbit urine idea will offer the possibility of brand security, e.g., they could be applied late on top fruit and would leave no residues. This means more to the farmer and much more to the consumer.

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  15. Many biopesticides are residue-exempt and are not required to be routinely monitored by regulatory authorities or retailers. This surely is good business!

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  16. As alternatives to conventional chemical pesticides, rabbit urine biopesticide will help reduce the selection pressure for the evolution of pesticide resistance in pest populations, and there is good evidence that some microbial biopesticides can stop the expression of resistance once it has evolved. Let us join our hands and efforts to support this great innovation.

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  17. The key advantage that will come with the use of rabbit urine as a Bio-pesticide is its capacity both to kill the pest together with additional benefits like farmers being able to get healthy and productive plants besides getting rid of the pest. Both the farmer and the consumer will be assured of absence of harmful residues, the fact that it will also be cheaper than chemical pesticides, effective for a long time and more so biodegradable. These and much many more are the reasons I had no option but to fall for this great idea.

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  18. As we the ordinary consumers became increasingly aware of the dangers posed by synthetic chemicals, demand for farm products that have undergone organic treatments has continued to rise. This surely is creating more market for organic foods and this goes hand in hand with the use of biopesticides like rabbit urine. I can look at the benefits of this idea in both a cost and safety angle. I believe it will cause a great change.

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