Good agronomic practices and integrated pest management to achieve sustainable crop protection

I am a practical farmer who has cultivated different types of crops; unfortunately, I have come to realize that productivity of crops grown for human consumption is at risk due to the incidence of pests and diseases. I have concluded that crop losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and can be prevented or reduced by good agronomic practices (GAP) and integrated pest control (IPM) measures. These can provide cost effective, environmentally sound and socially acceptable methods of managing pest for sustainable crop protection.

As an FFBS facilitator, Ieducate farmers on GAP and encourage the adoption of environmentally and economically sustainable pest management approaches founded on the principles of IPM. In addition, I am now an applicant for the upcoming annual regular training organized by the Egyptian International Center for Agriculture (EICA) on IPM in order to upgrade my knowledge and skills on IPM for sustainable crop protection.

As an extension officer, I am aware that tomato is one of the major crops grown in Kano State providing more than 50% of the total production in the country. Unfortunately, post harvest loses and disease attacks affect production every year. It was statistically revealed that national demand is 2.3 million tones but there is only 0.8 million actually produced. Tuta absoluta is one of the major pests troubling tomato production in Nigeria, and it’s confirmed that it can only be controlled through GAP and IPM control measures.

To address these challenges, I’ve decided to emphasize on GAP and IPM measures through sensitization/mobilization/ and motivation of farmers; establishment of demo plots through collective action; involvement of key and relevant stakeholders, and other means in order to  achieve sustainable crop protection. I am also planning to develop a green house that will serve as a learning environment for farmers and motivate them to adopt the technology in order to prevent pest and disease attacks and increase their income through production of healthy produce year-round under controlled conditions.

I am planning to apply the following steps to implement this idea:

  • Sensitization of relevant stakeholders
  • Identification of interested farmers
  • Formation of groups based on common interest
  • Training of farmers on sustainable crop protection
  • Establishment of demonstration plots on GAP and IPM approaches
  • Construction of greenhouse demonstration/learning field for farmers
  • Providing subsidy to interested groups willing to develop a green house
  • Technical backstopping
  • Linkage with markets and off takers

I have already engaged in educating farmers on GAP and IPM approaches eg. use of ash; use of neem leaves; eucalyptus leaves, use of cow dung and donkey manure to control insects; as well as identification of beneficial, harmful, and neutral insects to farmers.

What has motivated me to embark on this innovation is my visit to Japan as a trainee, where I observed that tomato production can be year round using green houses and adoption of GAP. I concluded that, as a practical farmer, I can apply the Japanese experience to boost income through production of disease free tomato, year round using a greenhouse and application of GAP and IPM approaches toward sustainable crop protection. I also realize that if farmers adopt GAP, IPM approaches and greenhouse cultivation, their income will increase boosting their livelihood, and sustainable crop protection would be guaranteed.

Musa Usman Musa, Nigeria

                                                               

41 comments

  1. Empowering and educating rural farmers through new innovation is the main problem in our community and country in general but by using this technique it can help to boast sustainable crop protection.

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  2. Its really motivated practice and in fact drastically reduce the risk of using chemicals and hence provide an arena for the farmers to improve their farm products

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  3. You are doing a great work. Farmers needs to be aware of how to improve their productivity by adopting GAP. However, government need to employ more EAs like you to bridge the gap between farmers and technology adoption.

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  4. This is welcoming development.of course pest causes a great lost in our crop production and it is believed that chemicals also affect not only the soil microbes but consumers in addition.

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  5. This is a welcome development that will help to reduce the post harvest losses of the farmers and increase their profit in turn.

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  6. This is vital, welcome development more especially to under develop country that need assistance from technologist in modern agricultural development

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  7. Good initiative, backwards integration of tomatoes value chain . because must of our peasant farmers their Money in is greater than Money out ..But with this program GAP ,I P M farmers will take farming as business not made activities. Good job keep it up.

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  8. Good initiative, backwards integration of tomatoes value chain . because must of our peasant farmers their Money in is greater than Money out ..But with this program GAP ,I P M farmers will take farming as business not mare activities. Good job keep it up.

    Like

  9. On my own view,to achieve crops security and farms produced,we need awareness camping an government contributions in agricultural development in Nigeria.

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  10. As an Agricultural Extension Worker, i always believe that the success of a project, no matter how beautifully they were written, needs to be lead by an extension worker who has the heart and passion to deliver. As one of your classmates in our Japan training in Agricultural Extension Planning and Management, you strike me as someone who has the leadership, the heart and passion to deliver. And with that project, i know that it will be successfully implemented. Best of luck to you.

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  11. Masha Allah, by using this technique it can help the farmers on good agricultural practice and integrated pest management options for sustainable crop protection. Congratulations for this wonderful opportunity

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  12. Masha Allah, by using this technique it can help the farmers on good agricultural practice and integrated pest management options for sustainable crop protection. congratulations for this wonderful opportunity.

    Like

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