Enhancing production and productivity of vegetable crops through sustainable and eco-friendly integrated pest management technologies in Ethiopia

Cultivation and marketing of vegetables for urban and export markets is emerging as an important income-generating activity for many smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa, including Ethiopia. According to CSA (2018), 6.6 million farmers are currently producing vegetable crops on 208,985.91 ha of land with total production of 739,155 tones. This is very behind to the GTP of the government that needs to shift vegetable crop production and facilitate its commercialization with a special focus on high-potential areas.

Phytopathogens and insects are major barriers of vegetable production and impaired the achievements of global food security and poverty reduction. In Ethiopia, pre-harvest losses in vegetable crops due to insects and diseases are reported as high as 39 and 48%, respectively (Abate, 1996).  Integrated pest management (IPM) is a leading complement and alternative to synthetic pesticides and a form of sustainable intensification (pretty and Bharuch, 2015).

In Ethiopia, 20-70% of farmers are aware of the pest problems and damage symptoms. However, they are not aware of appropriate pest management option; rather farmers use synthetic pesticides solely to manage this problem. Increased inappropriate use of this chemicals coupled with limited knowledge on the toxicological and chemical properties of this substances leads to increase cost of production, frequent pesticide-resistant pest problem, and impact on human health and ecosystem.

Therefore, an inventory to bring different effective pest management options together and develop sustainable, cost-effective and eco-friendly IPM technology which can be able to adapt and accepted by farmers is the very important aspect of pest management strategy. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop, demonstrate and disseminate an IPM technology which is eco-friendly and feasible to small-scale vegetable crop producers.

Goals: To contribute to food security through enhanced production and productivity of major vegetable crops in Ethiopia using sustainable and eco-friendly pest management technologies.

General objective: To develop and promote rational and eco-friendly pest management technologies on major vegetable crops in Ethiopia

Specific objectives:

  • To develop IPM technology for major disease and insect pests on major vegetable crops
  • To evaluate and demonstrate effective IPM technologies
  • To reduce cost of production on major vegetable crops
  • To reduce the risk of pesticide-resistant disease and insect pest problems
  • To increase stakeholders’ awareness on IPM technologies of major vegetable crops

Yitayih Gedefaw Kassie, Ethiopia

17 comments

  1. This research proposal can really change lives of small holder vegetable producers in Ethiopia and also will create a sustainable vegetable production system.

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  2. It is the most important problematic area that needs research intervention. So, i think it is a very good idea.

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  3. congratulation Yitayih Gedefaw. By saying this it is very important to use the full package of integrated management options to reduce the dissemination and distribution as well as the serious damage of pests on the vegetable.

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  4. “……Eco-friendly integrated pest management…..” Really what we luck is this. We, Ethiopian ,are producing vegetables and our nation is enjoying with all vegetables but the issue of ecosystem really is not get attention .Contamination of lake Ziway with Chemicals(Insecticides ) that let the aquatic life of the lake in danger. Really this can be an example of the issue and emphasis should be given . I hope this kind of project is a remedy for environmental issue as well as vegetable production sustainability for the sector. Bravo!

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  5. Heavy reliance on synthetic pesticides has become a trend by vegetable farmers of small holdings. Integrated approaches and wise use of pesticides is the missing component in their farming system. The impact of such proposals could help fill the gap. Good luck!

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  6. It is a valuable and an idea (title) that can contribute to improve the lively hood of poor community. just keep it up on !!

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  7. Sustainable and eco-friendly integrated pest management is the catalyst accelerating the Ethiopian vegetable grower farmers to sustainable insect management. Theoptions are extremely safe, efficient, easy to use and affordable, allowing growers to increase their profit and drastically reduce their environmental footprint. This is great news for growers, consumers, and the country.

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  8. Thank you Yitayih for your interestingness in working with eco-friendly pest management technologies which have been neglected in Ethiopian fruit and vegetable growers. Due to lack of Eco-friendly pest management, Ethiopian fruit and vegetable growers are losing nearly half of their production with pests which resulted in difficulties of fulfilling the demand of our increasing population. I am confident that implementing this project is, beyond solving the Ethiopian farmer’s problem regarding Eco-friendly pest management technologies. Good luck!

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  9. This program will have a great contribu tion to enhance productivity and production of crops in general and vegetables in particular. This is because using of different management options as IPM not only efficent to reduce pest damage level below economic threthreshold but also consider environment, economic and social issues.

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  10. ya this is what we want. it obvious that IPM is the best way of reducing risks.thanks for your approach concerning about the obstacles that renders vegetable production in Ethiopia. So it will have a great contribution towards the country development.

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  11. It is very nice project proposal. If applied, it will contribute to enhance the productivity of vegetable crops in the country since the productivity is mainly reduced due pests and lack of knowledge and skill on pest management technologies among small holder farmers in the country.

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  12. The scope of the project is nice and can be applied not only Ethiopia but also African context. because the project has a holistic approach as it touches 1. the environment issue 2. food security issues 3. nutritional quality issues and on top of that 4. sustainability, so it would have a great contribution in vegetable production in Ethiopia.

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  13. “…… it is interesting work to contribute to sustainable vegetable crop production and enhanced income generation for small holder vegetable farmers in Ethiopia through improved and Eco-friendly means of pest management and awareness building on IPM”. Good job dear, keep going….cheers!

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  14. With increasing irrigated agriculture production of vegetable crops have been increasing. But the producers are mainly focuses on increasing productivity of the crops by intensive application of inputs (synthetic fertilizer and pesticides). However, the use of chemical pesticides for controlling pests is very risky since they pollute environment by contaminating the soil, ground and surface water. Moreover, the resistance of pest, the existence of new pests and the destruction of useful insects (eg. Honey bees) are also the consequences of pesticide overuse. IPM is the best approach to increase the productivity of vegetable crops without damaging the environment and human health. I believe that this project can significantly contribute for sustainable vegetable crop production.
    Wishing you good luck!

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